Cricket Explained (An American Viewpoint)
Cricket explained from an American Viewpoint - PART 1
I'll take a stab at this. As an American, perhaps I can
explain in a way more easy to understand to fellow Yanks.
In a cricket match, there are two sides with eleven players
each. There are two main varieties of cricket, regular
cricket and "one-day" cricket. One day cricket is a recent
invention and I'll talk about it separately later.
The length of a cricket match can be whatever. Generally,
the more important the match, the longer. The longest
matches are the international ones, where one country pits
11 players against another country. These matches are
called "tests" and last five days. They usually play eight
to ten hours a day, so it's quite a long game. Scoring is
in "runs" like baseball but at a much higher rate. In a
test match it's quite common for each side to score over
five hundred (!) runs.
In a cricket match each side (teams are called "sides") is
up twice. The first team bats, the second team bats, the
first team bats, the second team bats, and whaddaya know,
it's five days later. Whoever scores the most runs wins, of
course. What baseball calls a "half-inning," cricket calls
"innings." So the first team has its "first innings," then
the second team (whoops! side) has its "first innings", the
each side has its "second innings."
This is what happens when a side has its innings: they send
up their first *two* in their batting order. In cricket,
two "batsmen" are up at a time, not one. They bat and bat
and bat and bat until one of them is out. Then he sits
down, and the third man in the order replaces him. Then
those two bat and bat and bat until one of them is out.
Then that person is replaced by the fourth person in the
order, and so on. This goes on until ten of the eleven are
out. Then the innings are over, because the last person
cannot bat alone, you need two to bat in cricket. After ten
people are out, the other team has their innings.
Cricket in played with the batsmen in the middle of an oval
shaped field (the "cricket ground"). There is no foul ter-
ritory in cricket. You can hit the ball in any direction,
including directly behind you. Cricket bats have a flat
edge (well, it's slightly rounded) so that the batsman can
direct the ball in a preferred direction. Batting in
cricket is way more involved than in baseball. There are
several different "strokes" (not "swings"), and batsmen are
often known for being good at particular ones rather than
others. Cricket is the game that gave us the saying "dif-
ferent strokes for different blokes" (true!).
So how do two guys bat? OK. In cricket, there are no
bases. Each batsman is standing at either end of a rec-
tangular area in the middle of the cricket ground, kind of
long and thin like a bowling alley (not *that* long and
thin). Here's where the real cricketers will get me: I
think the central area, which is called the "pitch", is
about 66 ft. long and 10 ft. wide.
Batting is like this: one batsman receives the ball (I'll
say how very shortly) and hits the ball in any direction to
the outer part of the cricket ground. While the fieldsmen
are chasing the ball and trying to throw it back to the
center, the two batsmen *change places*. This scores one
run. If they have time, they change places again. That
scores another run. If they have time, they change places
In the above diagram, the rectangle is the pitch and B1 and
B2 are the batsmen. Say B2 hits the ball. While it's away
from the center, B1 and B2 run and change places as many
times as possible. Each time they do, they score one run.
The outer edge of the cricket ground is marked with a rope.
This is called the "boundary." If a hit ball touches or
goes over this rope to the outside, it scores four runs
automatically without the batsmen having to run at all. If
a batsman hits a fly ball that lands outside the rope, that
scores six runs automatically. These are known as "fours"
and "sixes" and also "boundaries." Incidentally, if the ball
is hit just far enough for the batsmen to change places
once, scoring one run, this is called a "single."
In cricket, the pitchers are called "bowlers." Here are the
main differences from baseball:
Bowlers cannot *throw* the ball. They must bowl it. The
crucial difference is: when you throw a ball, at the end of
the motion you are straightening your elbow. When you bowl,
your elbow is straight almost the whole time (except at the
very beginning) so you're making this wide circular arc with
You can bowl overarm or underarm, but 99.99% of the time the
ball is bowled overarm.
When you bowl the ball toward the batsman, it's OK for the
ball to bounce off the ground before it reaches him. In
fact, 99.9% of the time, this is exactly what happens.
In cricket, unlike baseball, the bowler can take a running
start. In fact, the "fast bowlers," as they're called, are
running at a flat-out sprint when they release the ball.
Where are they? They are on the opposite side of the pitch
from the batsman who is going to bat. How do you decide
which side of the pitch? I'll explain that shortly.
BL| |B2 WK
Here's the same picture from before, with the bowler "BL"
drawn in. The batsman who's not batting is standing off to
the side, which is what really happens. The bowler has to
release the ball before he crosses the line. Remember the
bowler is not just standing there, he has run in from 'way
outside your CRT :) I've just drawn him in where he approxi-
mately is when he releases the ball. That guy "WK" behind
the batsman is the wicketkeeper, the cricket version of the
catcher. The wicket (more on what that is later) is
directly behind the batsman, directly in front of the wick-
etkeeper, and actually there's one on each side.
So, we can see now what the team that's "out in the field"
is doing. One guy's bowling, one's the wicketkeeper, the
other nine are standing at strategic spots all the way
around the cricket ground.
Wow! I *think* I'm now ready to explain how the game is
played! Wasn't it worth the wait? Here goes:
In cricket, there are no balls and strikes. Instead of try-
ing to "strike out" the batsman, the bowler is trying to
"take his wicket." Instead of a strike zone, there is a
wooden thing called a "wicket" directly behind the batsman.
It has three vertical pieces and two horizontal ones and
looks like this:
| | |
| | |
| | |
| | |
| | |
| | |
The vertical pieces are called "stumps" and the crosspieces
"bails." The whole thing is about two feet tall and maybe
nine or ten inches wide. When you hit the wicket with the
ball one or both of the crosspieces will fall off. This is
central to getting a batsman out.
Pay attention, this is the crux of the matter here: the
bowler bowls the ball to the batsman in such a way as to try
to knock the wicket over. The batsman isn't just trying to
score runs, he's "defending his wicket."
Listen carefully, this is almost always the point that
drives baseball players crazy: when the batsmen hit the
ball in cricket, they DO NOT HAVE TO RUN!!! If the batsman
hits the ball and it only goes ten feet, and there is no
chance for him and his "partner" to change places, they
don't. They just stand there. At first, that sounds like
the weirdest thing, but you have to look at it in the con-
text of protecting your wicket. If the bowler bowls the
ball really really well, it may be all the batsman can do
but protect the wicket. Remember, in cricket you keep bat-
ting until you're out ("your wicket is taken") so this is
Remember when I said in cricket the batsmen have lots of
different strokes? Well, they're classified as "defensive
strokes" and "offensive strokes." The defensive strokes are
not designed to score any runs, but rather to dribble the
ball away a few feet, protecting the wicket.
Now I have to explain about "overs." Before I said I'd get
around to telling you how they know which side to throw
from. This is it. A cricket innings is divided into
"overs." In one over, a bowler delivers six balls from the
same side of the cricket pitch. When this is done, a dif-
ferent bowler delivers six balls from the other side.
That's the next over. Then a different bowler from *that*
one (might be the first bowler, but doesn't have to be)
bowls the next over from the first side again.
BL1 | | BL2
Are we clear? In over #1, bowler 1 (BL1) bowls from left to
right six times. Then, in over #2, BL2 bowls from right to
left six balls. Then, in over #3, BL1 (or somebody else)
bowls from left to right six balls. Who bowls is a strategy
thing. The only catch is, one bowler can't bowl one over,
then run over to the other side and bowl the next over.
Overs are also very important in cricket statistics (like
baseball, cricket is statistics-laden). You see things like
runs per over, etc. Also they're used to time things "you
wouldn't believe what happened in the 37th over", you'll
hear people say.
Now if BL1 bowls the ball to batsman 2 (B2) and B2 gets an
even number of runs (including 0) he will face the next ball
also. But if B2 gets an odd number of runs, he and B1 will
be on the opposite sides of the pitch from where they
started, so on the next ball, BL1 would actually be bowling
to B1. If B1 hit an odd number of runs, but it was the
*last* ball of the over, he would again wind up facing the
next ball, but on the other side of the pitch, and from the
There are several other ways a batsman can be made out
besides having the wicket knocked over by the bowled ball.
Here are some of the more common ones:
If the batsman hits a fly ball and it is caught, he is out,
just like in baseball.
If the ball hits the batsman's leg and an umpire rules it
would have hit the wicket if the leg hadn't been there, the
batsman is out because he must "defend his wicket" only with
his bat, not with his leg. This is called "lbw" which
stands for "leg before wicket."
The batsmen are only "safe" (the cricket term is "making
your ground") when they are on the *outside* of the outer
lines which demarcate the pitch (actually, the pitch has
more lines than I've drawn, but it'll do for now). When
either batsman is inside the lines, such as when they're
running to exchange places, they can be made out by knocking
over the wicket closest to them. There is no tagging in
Also, when the batsman makes a stroke, his momentum may
carry him inside the line. If he's missed the ball, but the
ball hasn't hit the wicket, the wicketkeeper may have caught
it. In this case, the wicketkeeper can get the batsman out
by knocking over the wicket (the wicketkeeper is standing
directly behind the wicket, which is directly behind the
batsman) before the batsman can get back across the line.
Here's some odds and ends: the wicketkeeper wears a leather
glove on *each* hand. The fieldsmen do not wear any sort of
glove. When the batsmen run in cricket, they take their
bats with them. To "make their ground" (be in safe terri-
tory) it is not necessary for them to physically cross the
line, all they have to do is touch safe territory with the
tip of their bat. In fact, when batsman score more than one
run at a time in cricket, you'll see them run to the other
side, stop before they get to the line, touch their bat just
over the line, and then turn and run back.
Cricket is played by two sides of 11.
Each side is up twice.
The first side is up, they send two guys to the field.
The two batsmen stand at either end of the rectangular
The bowler delivers the first ball of the first over.
The batsman tries to hit the ball and/or defend his wicket.
He hits the ball in any direction in an oval-shaped field
with a relatively flat-bladed bat.
If he hits the ball, he does not have to run.
If he hits the ball a little, he and his partner change
If he hits it far enough, he may get a "boundary."
If he gets out (wicket knocked over, fly ball caught, etc.)
he leaves the field and is replaced by the next guy in the
But the two men keep batting until one of them is out.
When ten men are out, the innings is over and the other team
When each team has been up twice, the game is over.
If it's a test match, five days have elapsed.
The team with the most runs wins.
As in baseball, if the last team is having their last
innings ("bottom of the ninth") and they surpass the other
team's run count, the game ends immediately at that point.
One new piece of terminology: two batsmen are up at a time
in cricket. The one who is actually facing the next ball is
called the "striker." He is also known as being "on
A piece of cricket strategy: recall that the striker is out
"lbw" if the ball hits his leg, and the umpire rules it
would have hit the wicket if the leg hadn't been there.
Well, the bowler is well aware of this fact. A large part
of the bowler's strategy is to try and spin the ball around
the striker's bat and into the wicket. But you also need to
know that a large part of the bowler's strategy is also to
try and spin the ball around the striker's bat and into his
leg! When a batsman is given out lbw you'll often hear that
he was "trapped lbw". This is an acknowledgment of the fact
that the bowler did it on purpose.
Also the "on" side in cricket is also called the "leg" side.
And yet another thing I forgot: how international teams are
chosen. Each of the cricket-playing nations (I'll mention
these in the next post) has a national board known as the
"selectors" who choose who will represent that country in
the next international match. Remember, there's no
substitution in cricket except in certain cases of injuries.
So the selectors decide who exactly will play. From what I
have personally seen, I think the selectors take more
collective shit than anyone else connected with cricket.
You haven't heard anything until you hear a few cricket fans
start talking about their nation's selectors.
OK, new stuff:
I already told you that the length of a cricket match
varies. How it works is: the length of the match is agreed
upon before the match starts. For example, in a test match,
the agreed-upon time is five days. When the five days are
up, the match is over. So, while there is no rigid "clock"
as in American football, cricket matches do have an implicit
If a cricket match is not completely finished when time runs
out, the match is a draw, no matter how lopsided the score
may be. This has strategic consequences. Supposing in a
test match the first side has their first innings, and they
are so good they bat and bat and bat and bat for five days,
they've scored over a thousand runs and the other side
hasn't batted yet. Guess what! The game's a draw! You
Well, cricket has a way around this, it's called
"declaring." At any time the captain of the team that is
batting may "declare" that their innings are over, even
though maybe they are only in the middle of the batting
order. The team immediately takes the field, and the other
team has their innings.
So, suppose you're the captain of the first side to bat in a
test match. Your team bats and bats and bats for the first
two days, and you've only had six wickets taken. You could
keep batting until your other four wickets are taken, but
you're worried that the game won't finish in five days. For
the game to finish, of course, you have to take all ten
wickets of the opposing side *twice*. So, you declare.
This gets you immediately to work on the job of taking the
other side's wickets.
Other cricket matches, below the skill level of
international cricket, are allocated less time than five
days. This is because as the skill level goes down, the
batsmen aren't as good and it's easier to get them out, so
the whole thing takes less time.
Oh, by the way...suppose during a cricket match it starts to
rain and play stops waiting for the rain to stop. Supposing
during a test match it rains for two days straight.
Surprise! The time is NOT MADE UP! Only got three days to
play a five- day match? Better hurry!
Are we having fun yet? Time to move on to the exciting
topic of "extras," also known as "sundries." In baseball,
not every pitch goes perfectly. There are wild pitches,
passed balls, balks, etc. Weird things happen in cricket
too, and collectively they are called "extras." The main
ones are "no balls", "wides", "byes", and "leg-byes."
A "no ball" results when the bowler bowls the ball
illegally. There are several possibilites here. For
example, if the bowler throws the ball, rather than bowling
it, that is a "no ball." A "wide" is another type of
illegal ball, one that is bowled so far wide of the batsman
that the umpire feels it is unreachable.
The penalty is the same in either case. The batting team is
awarded one run, and the illegal ball is *not counted* as
part of the over. OK? An over is six balls. The bowler
bowls three times. There's three left in the over. Then he
bowls a wide or a no-ball. There's *still* three balls left
in the over.
Now in cricket statistics (which I'll have a section on
later) the runs for each time are tallied next to the name
of the batsman who scored them. But runs accrued by no-ball
or wide are tallied in a separate column labelled "extras",
the point being no batsman gets credit for having scored
A "bye" in cricket is just like a passed ball in baseball.
The bowler bowls the ball, it goes right past the striker,
doesn't hit the wicket, and the wicketkeeper fails to stop
the ball and it goes way out into the field. If the two
batsmen think they can get away with it, they will start
running and score runs. These runs are tallied as "extras"
although they are not "penalty" runs as in wides and no-
A "leg-bye" is the same as a bye, except the ball bounces
off the batsman's body somewhere. You remember from before,
if the ball hits the batsman's leg and the umpire feels it
would have hit the wicket, the batsman is out lbw. But if
the umpire doesn't think it would have hit the wicket, and
the ball bounces out into the field, the batsmen can run.
However, this is not allowed if the umpire thinks the
striker stuck his body purposely in the ball's way. It has
to be an accident.
One last point on extras: if the bowler delivers a wide or
a no-ball and the ball goes out into the field, the batsmen
can also run. If they do, the runs scored are counted as
extras. But if they run, they are not awarded the one
penalty run that they get if they just stand there.
Oh, here's something I should have mentioned earlier but I
forgot. When a batsman is out in cricket, he is not
*automatically* out. Even if he hits an easy pop fly which
is caught, even if his wicket is blown to smithereens by the
ball, the batsman is not out *yet*. Someone on the fielding
team has to ask an umpire "is this guy out?" and the umpire
will then call the guy out. The umpire WILL NOT call a
player out unless he is asked (the cricket term is
"appealed") by the fielding team.
The actual phrase used to appeal to the umpire is "how's
that?" which is such a standard phrase you may as well write
it "howzat?" Since *all* outs must be preceded by the call
howzat, one thing you will sometimes see is a wicketkeeper
rather obnoxiously calling "how's that" to the umpire after
virtually every delivery of the ball in which anything
remotely questionable happens.
The signal the umpire makes to signal a batsman out is
holding up one finger.
ONE DAY CRICKET
One day cricket has been around about twenty-five or thirty
years, I have been told. Apparently, ticket sales were
declining in international test matches. People only wanted
to attend on the last day, they weren't happy sitting at the
cricket ground eight to ten hours and going home having no
idea who was going to win the match. So they came up a
one-day version of cricket, which, while decried by the
purists, is nonetheless today a very popular form of the
There are two major rule changes in one-day cricket, and
several minor ones. Major change #1: each side is only up
once. Major change #2: each of the two innings of the
match has a set maximum number of overs. It's as if in
baseball your team was told the pitcher was only going to
pitch a maximum of 15 balls to your team, regardless of
whether you'd had three out or not. In fact, one-day
cricket is also commonly known as "limited-overs" cricket.
Typically in an international match each side is given fifty
overs. Another rule change, each bowler can only bowl some
set maximum number of overs (typically ten). To understand
this, recall that in cricket there is no substitution. You
have to decide before the match who you're going to put it.
Without this rule, in a one-day match you would be tempted
to send in two bowlers and nine hot bats. But if no one
person can bowl more than ten overs in a fifty-over innings,
your team must have at least five who can bowl. This
restores some balance to the game.
There are also restrictions on the way you can place your
fieldsmen in a one-day match, but that's beyond the scope of
I'm still leaving out descriptions of bowling and the major
types of strokes. Should I try and do anything with these?
I mean, without pictures, I don't know how anyone can really
visualize what's going on.
OK, review from parts 1&2, this is a cricket ground:
* * * *
* ----------- *
* ----------- *
* * * *
The cricket ground is oval shaped with a rectangular area
called the "pitch" in the middle. Here's a closer look at
L E R | |
O W ---------------------------
The "BOWLER" is running in from the left to deliver the ball
to the batsman "B1." Behind B1 is "|" the wicket he's
defending. Behind that is "WK" the wicketkeeper. On the
other side of the pitch is "B2", the other batsman who's up.
Below B2 is "|" the other wicket.
The bowler bowls six balls to the batsman, and that's called
an "over." In my last post I mentioned a bowler can't bowl
two overs in a row, but I neglected to mention that you also
cannot change bowlers in the middle of an over.
Let me explain about player substitutions: except in a few
limited circumstances involving injury to a player, there
are no substitutions in cricket. The same eleven players
bat and field for the entire match. Bowlers act as
fieldsmen when they are not actually bowling. When a bowler
is not good with a bat, you put him at the bottom of your
batting order and hope for the best. When a player is a
good bowler and also a good batsman he is called an "all-
Let me explain about the captain: cricket teams don't have
a head coach or manager as in major American sports.
Instead, one of the players is the "captain," also commonly
called the "skipper," and he does the things that a manager
would do such as setting the batting order, placing the
Having looked over my previous post, I think it's now time
to mention some of the major strategy points of cricket.
Cricket strategy is very intricate, but there are one or two
Very Big Considerations that should be brought out early.
The first Really Big Thing is this notion "you bat 'til
you're out." Let me make a baseball analogy. Suppose you're
a baseball player and you're a very good hitter, like Barry
Bonds. You're so good your team expects you to get two hits
per game. Suppose you're up in the first inning and you
strike out. Guess what! In baseball, that's OK! You'll
have approximately four other chances in the game to get
your hits. Cricket is *very* different.
Suppose you're a cricket player ("cricketer") and you're a
very good batsman. You're so good your side expects you to
score about 80 runs every time you're up. Now suppose you
go up to bat for your team, and on the very first ball, your
wicket is knocked over. Guess what! You don't get another
chance! You're out! You're finished! You're done! That's
it! Your teammates will have to get those 80 runs for you,
because you're not coming back! True, your team will have a
second innings, but they're expecting you to score 80 runs
in those innings too.
The point is the cricket batsman's head is on a chopping
block with every ball. The most obvious manifestation of
this situation is that you will see many batsmen batting
conservatively when they first start batting, and
progressively get more aggresive as they score runs. And
it's why there can be a lot of tension in the air of a
cricket match even when not much seems to be happening to
the casual eye.
The situation between bowler and batsman has many variables
not in baseball. Let me start with the bowler.
The bowler takes a running start. He can run from any
direction, at any speed. The fact that he's running as he
releases the ball not only adds to the speed of the ball,
but also he can twist his whole body into the delivery and
put a really wicked spin on the ball. You know how in
baseball, the ball is replaced every time it's hit, or
there's any suspicion that it is not perfectly round? Well
in cricket they use the same ball for a very long time. The
old rule was you used the same ball for the entire match,
but that has been relaxed somewhat. Still the ball is only
replaced about once a day or every other day, and as it gets
lumpier, it flies and bounces more and more irregularly.
And don't forget the bowler bowls the ball overhanded and it
bounces off the ground. The ground in a cricket pitch
should be smooth but of course ground isn't perfect, and
combined with the spin the bowler puts on the ball and the
fact that it's lumpy, it's an intriguing proposition for a
There's a lot of different ways to place the fieldsmen in a
round field. I can't describe it explicitly without
pictures, but suffice it to say that there are definite
positions for fieldsmen in cricket, and when you place your
players, it's based on who's batting, who's bowling, what
types of balls you will bowl in this over, and based on all
that, and weather conditions etc., which way you think the
ball is likely to go when the batsman hits it.
Now the batsman also has more choices than the baseball
batter. As in baseball, the batsman wants to hit the ball
where nobody is standing. But because there are many
different cricket strokes, both offensive and defensive, the
bat has a flat blade, and there is no foul territory,
there's just a lot more that a batsman can do.
Now, suppose two batsmen are up (it's called a
"partnership") and one is a lot better than the other? You
want the better batsman to face as many balls as possible.
Who receives the next ball depends on what over is it and
whether you have hit an odd or even number of runs lately.
So, if you're the better batsman and you're receiving the
ball, you want to hit an even number of runs. Notice that
if you get a boundary that's either 4 or 6 runs, both even
numbers. If you're the weaker batsman you'll try to hit a
single (which we recall is one run) so as to get the better
player to face the bowler. On the last ball of an over, a
good player may purposely try and hit a single so that he
will continue to face the ball when the next over starts.
I'm honestly not sure if it's useful at this point to
enumerate some of the more common types of balls and
strokes. I think I'll leave them out for now. But you
should know the difference between the on and off sides.
OFF SIDE (right handed batsman)
ON SIDE (right handed batsman)
Suppose the batsman B1 in the above picture is batting
right- handed. The entire cricket ground is then divided by
an imaginary line (the long dotted line in the middle of the
drawing). The batsman's strong side is called the "on" side
of the field. The other side is called the "off" side.
These terms are used in naming field positions (mid-on vs.
mid-off, for example) and in general commentary of what's
going on in the match.
Cricket terminology: you can win a cricket match by runs or
by wickets. It happens like this. Suppose you are the
second team to bat, and it's your second innings, therefore
the last innings of the match. One of two things can
happen: your run total surpasses that of the other team, in
which case you win; or your tenth and last wicket is taken
and you still have less runs than the other team, in which
case you lose.
Suppose team A has scored 550 runs in its two innings. Your
team B is batting its second innings. Unfortunately, your
last wicket is taken when you only have 530 runs. The
expression is "team A won by 20 runs" which is worded the
same as any baseball game (lot more runs, though).
The other situation is different. Suppose you have 549 runs
and your batsman hits a boundary 6 when you're only on your
seventh wicket. The four runs added to your score give you
555 runs, and the match ends immediately. You win. But it
is not common to say "you won by 5 runs." Instead, the
correct expression is "team B beat team A by *three
wickets*." I spend all this time explaining this point
because it's an important example of cricket thinking: you
had three more wickets with which to keep batting and
scoring runs, but you didn't need them.
Here's a box score from a recent one-day match between the
West Indies and Pakistan that I got from cricinfo (thanks,
guys). After the score I will give a translation.
B.C. Lara c Latif b Mushtaq 14
D.L. Haynes c Mushtaq b Akram 6
P.V. Simmons b Rehman 81
K.L.T. Arthurton c Anwar b Mushtaq 63
R.B. Richardson c Malik b Mushtaq 7
C.L. Hooper c Mujtaba b Akram 18
J.C. Adams not out 18
R. Harper b Akram 2
A.C. Cummins stumped Latif b Qadir 10
K.C.G. Benjamin b Akram 4
C.A. Walsh not out 2
Extras: (b3, lb10, nb2, w20) 35
Total: (nine wickets - 50 overs) 260
Fall of wickets: 1-26, 2-57, 3-189, 4-201, 5-204,
6-222, 7-234, 8-251, 9-256
Bowling: Akram 10-1-40-4, Rehman 10-1-59-1,
Mushtaq 10-1-46-3, Qadir 10-0-43-1,
Malik 7-0-35-0, Mujtaba 3-0-14-0
Saeed Anwar c Lara b Hooper 131
Asif Mujtaba c Arthurton b Cummins 15
Inzamam-ul-Haq run out 20
Javed Miandad c Adams b Benjamin 20
Basit Ali run out 16
Salim Malik not out 34
Wasim Akram not out 5
Extras: (b1, lb9, w9, nb1) 20
Total: (five wickets - 49 overs) 261
Fall of wickets: 1-42, 2-86, 3-143, 4-186, 5-251
Did not bat: Rashid Latif, Mushtaq Ahmed, Abdul Qadir,
Bowling: Walsh 10-1-39-0, Benjamin 10-1-54-1,
Cummins 10-0-69-1, Simmons 2-0-10-0,
Harper 8-0-36-0, Hooper 9-0-43-1
Result: Pakistan won by five wickets
Man of the match: Saeed Anwar
Umpires: David Shepherd/John Holder (England)
The first set of statistics for each time concerns its
batting performance. The batsmen are listed in their
batting order. The West Indies starts like this:
> B.C. Lara
> D.L. Haynes
> P.V. Simmons
> K.L.T. Arthurton
This means Lara and Haynes batted first. One of them got
out and was replaced by Simmons. One of those two got out
and was replaced by Arthurton, etc.
For each batsman, is listed his name, how he got out, and
how many runs he himself scored (like rbis).
> B.C. Lara c Latif b Mushtaq 14
Lara scored 14 runs and hit a fly ball which was caught by
Latif. The ball was bowled by Mushtaq.
> P.V. Simmons b Rehman 81
Simmons scored 81 runs (helluva score) and was "bowled" by
Rehman. This means the ball knocked over the wicket.
> A.C. Cummins stumped Latif b Qadir 10
Cummins scored 10 runs. On a ball bowled by Qadir, he
stepped into "unsafe territory" (the cricket term is "he was
out of his ground") and while he was there, Latif the
wicketkeeper knocked over his wicket with the ball. This is
called being "out stumped."
> Inzamam-ul-Haq run out 20
Either Inzaman-ul-Haq or his partner hit the ball, and while
they were running back and forth, scoring runs, Inzaman-ul-
Haq had his wicket knocked over by the ball before he "made
his ground" (re-entered safe territory). Inzaman-ul-Haq
scored 20 runs.
> Salim Malik not out 34
Malik scored 34 runs and was not out. There's always at
least one "not out" in every cricket innings. When an
innings ends early because the match is over or the side
declares or whatever, there are two not out.
> Extras: (b3, lb20, nb2, w10) 35
West Indies scored 35 runs that were classified as "extras."
3 were byes, 10 were leg-byes, 2 were no-balls, and 20 were
> Total: (nine wickets - 50 overs) 260
West Indies scored 260 runs total. They only had nine
wickets taken from them in this time. Since this was a
limited- overs game, their innings ended after fifty overs
even though they had one wicket left.
> Fall of wickets: 1-26, 2-57, 3-189, 4-201, 5-204,
> 6-222, 7-234, 8-251, 9-256
In West Indies' innings, their first wicket was taken when
they had scored 26 runs. Their second wicket was taken when
they had 57 runs. Their third wicket was taken when they
had 189 runs. Etc.
> Bowling: Akram 10-1-40-4, Rehman 10-1-59-1,
> Mushtaq 10-1-46-3, Qadir 10-0-43-1,
> Malik 7-0-35-0, Mujtaba 3-0-14-0
This are the Pakistani bowlers' stats for the West Indian
innings. Each bowler has four statistics, which are:
# overs bowled - # maidens - # runs allowed - # wickets
A "maiden" is an over in which the bowler does not allow any
runs. So the first entry
> Akram 10-1-40-4
means Akran bowled 10 overs, one of which was a maiden. He
allowed forty runs and took four West Indian wickets.
Note if you add up the first column for each bowler you get
50, the total number of overs bowled. If you add up the
last column you get 9, the total number of wickets taken.
If you add up the third column, you get 237! Whazzat? West
Indies scored 260
You have to look in the extras category. While wides and
no-balls are charged to a bowler, byes and leg-byes are not.
So, the total number of runs allowed by the bowlers, plus
the number of byes and leg-byes, is equal to the total score
of the opposing side.
The rest of the Pakistani score is the same as the West
Indian one. Their total
> Total: (five wickets - 49 overs) 261
> Result: Pakistan won by five wickets
shows that Pakistan stopped batting in their 49th over when
they surpassed West Indies' 260 runs. They won "by five
wickets" because they had five wickets left when the match
was over. Of course, in this limited-overs match, they only
had part of one over left when the won the game, so it was a
very close match.
Contributed by Jeff Tucker (firstname.lastname@example.org)